Through our work, we hope to protect both people and pets from future attacks. This map is part of a project called the BSL Census. Municipal jurisdictions in these states are free to enact breed-specific ordinances for the purposes of public health and safety and animal welfare. ", "A local authority shall not adopt or enforce an ordinance or regulation that deems a dog dangerous or vicious based solely on the breed of the dog. The BSL Map is updated monthly and was last updated April 2020. Learn more: Haas, Terrance P. (2006) ", The anti-BSL preemption in Arizona Senate Bill 1248, drafted by Best Friends Animal Society, was hidden in this. There is a range of conflicting state preemption maps on the Internet showing which states do and do not allow local governments to enact breed-specific laws. Those who would deliberately train a dog to act aggressively towards people or other animals, or to use dogs in the commission of a felony or misdemeanor should face additional penalties. Contract with any city or town to enforce the provisions of any ordinance enacted by such city or town for the control of dogs if the provisions are not specific to any bree… 822.047. Dog problems are generally problems with owner responsibility and are not limited to breeds. See recent "proposed" ordinance in Rochester by the city attorney. Communities that have instituted such bans often find that the irresponsible owners and the criminals who use dogs for illegal purposes simply switch to another breed. In states with strong home rule provisions, like Colorado, home rule cities and counties can supersede and fully mute state-level laws prohibiting local breed-specific ordinances. Breed specific legislation essentially bans, restricts or imposes conditions on the ownership of certain breeds of dogs, typically those breeds that presumably pose the greatest risk of dog bite injury. Blue Cross explains Breed Specific Legislation. The Pennsylvania state preemption law excludes counties. | Make a donation today », Page last modified: January 09, 2021 | Sitemap, In the 15-year period of 2005 through 2019, canines killed 521 Americans. Breed bans and other forms of BSL do not work because they target all dogs of a breed -- the innocent as well as the guilty; they are difficult to enforce; and they do not end the use of … This kind of legislation has generated a great deal of controversy. Here is a comprehensive look at Breed Specific Legislation in the United States, is updated every month. States governed by a mixed-preemption breed-specific law often allow city and county breed-specific spay and neuter ordinances. Currently, only Florida has a state preemption law prohibiting local governments from enacting breed-specific laws that also grandfathered in pre-existing ordinances, mainly the Miami-Dade County pit bull ban that was enacted in 1989. The American Veterinary Medical Association and several state veterinary medical associations oppose breed-specific legislation for just this reason. Types of ordinances Notably, both Illinois and Rhode Island are untested home rule states. The state of Texas has state level legislation preventing cities and counties from creating breed specific laws. Protect the rights of all citizens with nuisance ordinances such as anti-barking, pooper scooper regulations and leash laws. ", "A county or municipality may place additional requirements or restrictions on dangerous dogs if the requirements or restrictions: (1) are not specific to one breed or several breeds of dogs; and (2) are more stringent than restrictions provided by this subchapter. ", "A city or town may regulate the control of dogs if the regulation is not specific to any breed. Non-preemption states respect local control and believe that local government officials are best suited to determine their own animal control and public safety policies. The top three regulated dog breeds: pit bulls, rottweilers and wolf-dog hybrids. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is created when a municipality or a county believes a certain breed of dog poses a hazard to the public health, safety, and welfare. Furthermore, none of these maps show the upwards of a million private rental properties governed by breed-specific leases across all 50 states that are entirely unaffected by these state preemption laws.9, In the Attorney Section 9-499.04, Arizona Revised Statutes C. A city or town may regulate the control of dogs if the regulation is not specific to any breed. Breed specific legislation (BSL) is an attempt by legislators to reduce dog bites by targeting specific types of dogs. Dogs like Rottweilers, Dobermans and chows are also frequently also affected by the laws. Learn more about the different types of breed-specific ordinances that cities and counties adopt to protect public health in our Breed-Specific Legislation FAQ. In August 2012, during a Miami-Dade County primary vote, citizens voted to keep their longstanding pit bull ban by a 63% to 37% margin.4. In this section we explain each state and its associated designation. Even when they do, the adoption dates can be difficult to determine. ", "Potentially dangerous or dangerous dogs may be regulated through local, municipal and county authorities, provided the regulations are not Breed-specific. Encourage local animal rescue and welfare agencies to provide responsible dog ownership seminars and canine safety education. To look up a specific location, please use the "search" function on the top right … Moving? Multifamily Rental Properties: Would You Believe 2.25 Million? Breed Specific Legislation Map Has a great view of the country, but when you zoom in you can see actual ordinances and places that have repealed BSL , Pitbulls : Go Pitbull Dog Forums GREAT link to find BSL in the United States - Pitbulls : Go Pitbull Dog Forums Tri-state map of breed-specific pit bull laws in Iowa, Kansas and Missouri. Breed specific legislation is problematic for many reasons: Dangerous dogs may exist in every breed and breed cross. Breed specific legislation removes the responsibility from the dog's owner and places it solely on the dog itself. Nothing in this act shall prohibit such local governments from enforcing penalties for violation of such local laws. Not all states have complete legislative archival histories online. They target all dogs of a breed -- the innocent as well as the guilty; are difficult to enforce; and do not end the use of guardian dogs by criminals. This is a broad-based effort that protects all citizens as any dog can bite and be a nuisance when owned by an irresponsible owner. Breed Specific Legislation Map from Animal Farm Foundation. Many breeds function as assistance dogs for handicapped owners, search and rescue dogs, drug-sniffing dogs, police dogs, etc. Breed Specific Legislation or “BSL” is a law that either bans or restricts ownership of certain dogs based on their appearance. We encourage jurisdictions to test them. In order to maintain this exemption, the dog must be retested every two years. Breed bans don’t make sense. The state preemption law in Virginia was enacted between 1990 and 1993. Looking for updated information on documented cases of Breed Specific Legislation in any specific area across the United States and Canada? This section does not apply to any local ordinance adopted prior to October 1, 1990. These laws are based on APPEARANCE ONLY, and have nothing to do with the behavior, training or temperament of the individual dog. Ordinances inconsistent with this subdivision are void. See the. 11-1005. In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble these … BSL is a misnomer in that BSL laws are anything but specific. "An animal is not a 'dangerous animal' solely by virtue of its breed or species. In 2019, Washington state passed the first mandatory exemption law. Combined, pit bulls and rottweilers contributed to 76% of the total recorded deaths. Regulated breeds typically comprise the “pit bull” class of dogs, including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and English Bull Terriers. The AVMA, the National Animal Control Association and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention oppose breed-specific legislation (BSL), along with leading animal welfare organizations. BSL can range from something as mild as a higher licence fee for specific breeds to an all-out ban, including mandatory destruction of any prohibited dog found within the boundaries of the legislating jurisdiction. Complete Listing of Known BSL in the United States, Breed specific legislation is exactly what sounds like...regulation of your right, to own or, in many cases, not own a dog based solely on the breed or "type". DogsBite.org, Copyright © 2007-2021 DogsBite.org | Published by Lynn Media Group, DogsBite.org is a national dog bite victims' group dedicated to reducing serious dog attacks. ", "Nothing contained in this article shall prevent a municipality from adopting its own program for the control of dangerous dogs; provided, however, that no such program shall be less stringent than this article, and no such program shall regulate such dogs in a manner that is specific as to breed. In the US, there are over 36 states and 900 cities that have breed-specific legislation laws. Breed specific legislation has been enacted in more than 37 states and is garnering world wide attention. View the Full-Screen Breed Specific Legislation Map. No state preemption; defeated preemption bill(s) since 2012. ", "A statutory or home rule charter city, or a county, may not adopt an ordinance regulating dangerous or potentially dangerous dogs based solely on the specific breed of the dog. Rhode Island is an untested home rule state. BSL Estimate 2018-2019 DogsBite.org - Since 2011, we have maintained an estimate of breed-specific laws across the United States, including breed-specific policies governing military privatized housing. Again, even in preemption states, these laws are not always absolute, especially in states with strong home rule provisions. ", House Bill 1026 was first introduced by Rep. Sherry Appleton, who has owned both pit bulls and rottweilers, in. This "compromise" law is in part based on local ordinances in the state with a similar exemption.1. By limiting the ability of citizens to own certain breeds, responsible law-abiding citizens will shy away from those breeds. State preemption laws that bar local governments from enacting breed-specific ordinances are far from universal or absolute. BSL stands for breed-specific legislation. Each county board of supervisors may: 3. We do try our best to update this as much as possible and would appreciate if people would kindly suggest edits as needed. Powers and duties of board of supervisors A. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws (view the comprehensive BSL map). This can either be due to state level legislation, or because there simply is no BSL in that state. Breed specific legislation, according to the ASPCA, is “the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain dog breeds in an effort to decrease dog attacks on humans and other animals.” In other words, it is the practice of regulating dog breeds perceived as more aggressive. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a law or ordinance that regulates or completely bans the keeping of dogs of or presumed to be specific breeds, dogs presumed to be specific breeds and/or dogs which are or presumed to be mixes of one or more of those breeds. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) are laws banning or restricting certain dog breeds from a location or activity. ", "Cities and counties may enact dog breed-specific ordinances pertaining only to mandatory spay or neuter programs and breeding requirements, provided that no specific dog breed, or mixed dog breed, shall be declared potentially dangerous or vicious under those ordinances. The city or county must maintain a "reasonable process for exempting any dog from breed-based regulations or a breed ban if the dog passes the American Kennel Club Canine Good Citizen test" or its equivalent. In order to deal with this threat to public safety, many cities around the country have introduced … Traveling? Learn more about fighting BSL in our advocate toolkit. The legislation requires municipalities with existing or new breed-specific laws to provide an exemption for the owners of regulated breeds if their dog passes the American Kennel Club's Canine Good Citizen (CGC) test or its equivalent. Pit bulls contributed to 66% (346) of these deaths. Suggested alternatives to breed bans include: Stronger enforcement of existing dangerous dog laws. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a type of law that prohibits or restricts particular breeds or types of dog. View model and noted breed-specific ordinances and mandatory pit bull spaying and neutering ordinances. “Breed-specific” legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. Preemption states have laws barring local governments from enacting breed-specific laws. Breed Specific Legislation. They are punished based entirely on what breed they happen to be, or even slightly resemble. ", "Each municipality is empowered to adopt or retain more stringent ordinances, laws or regulations dealing with the subject matter of this chapter, except that municipalities may not adopt breed-specific ordinances, laws or regulations. The map can also be filtered by outcome by clicking on one of the color coded outcomes listed at the bottom of the map. That being said, you need to be super careful when traveling across the country with a pitbull. ", "No dog shall be considered dangerous or potentially dangerous solely because of the dog's breed or perceived breed. California enacted a full state preemption law in 1989. Directory at ", "no dog shall be deemed dangerous: (i) solely based upon growling or barking or solely growling and barking; (ii) based upon the breed of the dog;", "Regulate and prohibit the going at large of dogs and other animals in the streets and public places of the municipality and prevent cruelty to animals and all inhuman sports, except that no municipality shall adopt breed-specific dog ordinances. To look up a specific location, please use the "search" function on the top right of the map. Breed Specific Legislation punishes innocent dogs who have done nothing wrong. We want to see an end to this law in the UK. In Pennsylvania, the preemption statute specifically excludes county governments. 2015 First Quarter Legislative Highlights: Local Control Dominates, We Salute... Miami-Dade County Elections, 2012 Election Results, Final Election Results Miami-Dade County August 14, 2012, anti-animal welfare bill that banned local puppy mill ordinances. Created as a means to help control dangerous dogs, BSLs have created a firestorm of debate between proponents and opponents of specific dog breeds. Breed-specific legislation is not about dogs at all. While this website does not contain every ordinance relating to BSL, it does contain many samples of how BSL can be constructed. The dog most restricted is the "pit bull." CLICK HERE to see a map indicating the areas in which breed specific legislation is enacted in Canada. Learn more about the different types of breed-specific ordinances that cities and counties adopt to protect public health in our Breed-Specific Legislation FAQ. A pit bull is a type of dog, not a recognized breed. A municipality’s breed-specific legislation contradicts state law Breed-specific legislation violates the federal Americans with Disabilities Act Lawsuits can cost taxpayers hundreds of thousands of dollars and place a heavy burden on both the court system and animal control departments. Such laws range from outright bans on the possession of these dogs, to restrictions and conditions on ownership, and often establishes a legal presumption that such dogs are dangerous or vicious. ", "No city or town may enact any rule, regulation or ordinance specific to any breed of dog or cat in the exercise of its power to further control and regulate dogs, cats or other animals as authorized by this chapter. For more information visit: animalfarmfoundation.org Breeds and mixes are hard to identify and often dogs are mislabeled and destroyed based on paranoia and prejudice and also punishes those that are good canine citizens. In 2005, part of it was repealed to allow for breed-specific sterilization ordinances. ", "Nothing in this Act shall be held to limit in any manner the power of any municipality or other political subdivision ... provided that no regulation, policy or ordinance is specific to breed. ", "No local government, as defined in § 6-1-12, may enact, maintain, or enforce any ordinance, policy, resolution, or other enactment that is specific as to the breed or perceived breed of a dog. San Francisco enacted the country's first mandatory pit bull sterilization ordinance in 2005. No other municipal jurisdictions in Florida are allowed to enact or enforce breed-specific laws. of dog, not your responsibility as an owner. Breed Specific Map Complete Listing of Known BSL in the United States Breed specific legislation is exactly what sounds like...regulation of your right to own or, in many cases, not own a dog based solely on the breed or "type" of dog, not your responsibility as an owner. The idea that these preemption laws are airtight, particularly in the area of pit bull sterilization ordinances, is a fallacy. The BSL Map is updated monthly and was last updated April 2020. Local Regulation of Dangerous Dogs. Municipal jurisdictions in these states are free to enact breed-specific ordinances for the purposes of public health and safety and animal welfare. The American Kennel Club has a free education program created for elementary school children. and drives them out of the community. For a complete listing of known BSL in Canada, Keeping TABS (together against breed specific). 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